What is Rosacea?
Rosacea is a common long term skin condition, usually occurring on the forehead, cheeks, nose and chin. It often begins with a tendency to blush or flush easily and may be accompanied by small superficial broken blood vessels. Although it can occur in anyone, it is more common in women over the age of 30 and who are fair-skinned. Symptoms may be worse in men.
Some popular people who were known to have Rosacea include Bill Clinton and Princess Diana.
Rosacea can cause more than redness. There are so many signs and symptoms that rosacea has four subtypes.
- Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea
Redness, flushing, visible blood vessels.
- Papulopustular rosacea
Redness, swelling, and acne-like breakouts.
- Phymatous rosacea
Skin thickens and has a bumpy texture.
- Ocular rosacea
Eyes red and irritated, eyelids can be swollen, and the person may have what looks like a sty.
What causes rosacea?
Although the root causes of rosacea are not fully understood, environmental, genetic as well as the immune system can all play a role in why certain people develop this condition.
Rosacea is not contagious.
There are a variety of triggers that may make rosacea worse. These include:
- High and low temperatures
- Hot drinks, spicy foods
- Sensitivity to the sun
What does rosacea look like?
Rosacea is a lifelong condition. The severity of this condition tends to fluctuate. It is characterised by persistent redness caused by dilated blood vessels, small bumps and pus-filled spots which are similar to acne. However, pimples resulting from rosacea do not have any blackheads or whiteheads.
When should you seek medical help for their rosacea?
- When it is painful
- When it is unsightly and affecting your confidence
- when it keeps fluctuating and getting worse with triggers.
What treatments are available?
There is a range of treatment options available to help keep your rosacea under control. Dr Injibar’s approach is three folds:
- Educate: To give you optimal results, treatment often begins with a bit of education. While medicine or laser treatment can help reduce or clear signs of rosacea, your everyday habits may cause a new flare-up. That is why it is essential that you:
- Know what triggers your rosacea
- Make sure you use appropriate sun protection – she always advises her patients to use a specific rosacea friendly skincare which includes a range of cleansers and moisturisers designed for sensitive rosacea-prone skin.
- Use rosacea friendly skincare products – strict sunscreen use, as rosacea can be worsened by sun exposure.
- Prescribe appropriate medication
- The inflammatory element of rosacea may be controlled with medication that is applied to the affected areas. It takes at least eight weeks for their effect to become evident and some applications work specifically to reduce the redness associated with rosacea. Examples are topical antibiotics, Metronidazole gel, and Ivermectin gel.
- Sometimes a very low dose of oral antibiotics may need to be prescribed to help with severe inflammation.
- Other clinical Treatments
- Your treatment plan is most likely to include a laser treatment if rosacea has caused: Visible blood vessels and or thickening of the skin.
- The flushing and facial veins caused by rosacea can be treated with lasers. Laser treatment can reduce (or get rid of) blood vessels.
- To remove thickening skin, dermatologists may use laser resurfacing.
- A few sessions are needed four to six weeks apart and this laser causes the dilated blood vessels to constrict and disappear.
Are you ready to speak to Dr Injibar?
If you would like to book a face to face or online consultation with Dr Injibar, please get in touch today and start your journey at Dermasurge Clinic.
Also, check out the Live Rosacea Instagram Session Dr Injibar took part. Hear her answer some of the most common questions, people may have about this skin condition. You can also read through her answers in our blog post – The Truth about Rosacea: 19 key Rosacea questions answered by an experienced dermatologist